Chronic redness and flushing is most often an indication of Rosacea – an inflammatory skin condition that usually appears between ages 30 and 50 and affects more than 16 million Americans.
Visible symptoms include redness or flushing that comes and goes on the cheeks, nose, chin and forehead – the condition may also look like acne. Some people may even show signs of watery, red-rimmed eyes.
What Triggers Redness and Flushing?
In women, hormones play a strong role in the development of Rosacea – increased redness is often noticed at the time of menstruation and the onset of menopause. For all people, daily triggers can include stress, sun exposure, extreme cold, heat or windy conditions, spicy foods, alcohol, hot beverages and products that irritate the skin. When these triggers occur, the blood vessels dilate resulting in flushed skin. The redness usually fades after a while, however, repeated exposed to these triggers can result in permanent redness as the small capillaries eventually loose their ability to return to normal after flushing.
There is no cure for the redness and flushing associated with Rosacea other than recognizing and managing the triggers that cause the flare ups, and treating the delicate skin with care.
In order to protect the skin’s natural moisture barrier, gentle cleansing is extremely important for skin with Rosacea to remove excess oil, bacteria, debris and make up. Harsh cleaners will strip the natural oils so it’s best to use non-soap cleansers or creamy, low-foaming cleansers if the skin is very dry.
A daily moisturizer can help ease the symptoms by preventing the burning, itching and irritation associated with Rosacea. Daily moisturizer will also strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier to help repel impurities and irritants. Products developed specially for Rosacea consist of ingredients intended to clam, soothe, and counteract redness.
Daily UV protection is important for all skin types, but it is essential for those with Rosacea. Select a chemical-free sunscreen with zinc or titanium dioxide with SPF 15 or higher.
Finally, early diagnosis and treatment is important. If left untreated, symptoms can increase in severity – papules and pustules can form and the nose can become bumpy and swollen. Clinical treatments usually involve treating the veins and capillaries – these include:
- Laser and Light Therapies
- Intense Pulse Light (IPL) Therapy
DID YOU KNOW?
40% of people with Rosacea have a relative with the same condition
- The Face of Rosacea
- Living with Rosacea
- Covering the Signs of Rosacea
- Photo Facials: Your Questions Answered
- Intense Pulsed Light (IPL)