Things that Cause Enlarged Pores
Pores are usually inconspicuous on facial skin, but pore size and appearance can vary from person to person and can change over time. The problem of enlarged pores affects many people of all ages and skin types but is more common in those with oily skin. Enlarged pores can be unsightly – creating an irregular texture and tone that detracts from the look of smooth skin.
Pores are small openings in the surface of the skin that surround each shaft of hair growing from deep within the skin’s layers. Pores play an important role. As sebaceous glands (oil glands) produce protective sebum (oil) for your hair and skin, they use the pores as a transportation system to your skin’s surface. When pores become too large, they become more noticeable on the face, a condition referred to as enlarged pores.
Causes of Enlarged Pores
Enlarged pores can be caused by a number of factors, including genetics. However, it is estimated that 78 percent of all cases of enlarged pores is due to improper skin care.
Daily Hygiene – The Accumulation of Dead Skin Cells
When the face goes unwashed for extended periods of time, remnants of dead surface skin cells can clog pores, preventing oil from draining, thereby creating an environment in which bacteria can thrive and expand the pore.
Oily skin can cause pores to appear larger because the skin thickens as it become more and more oily. Overactive sebaceous glands (oil glands) results in enlarged pores. Excessive oil production can also clog pores, and the oil produced can harden into a waxy sebum (oily plug) , expanding the pore opening.
As you age, your skin produces less collagen – the substance that supports younger skin and keeps it firm. As you age, the lack of collagen causes skin to lose much of its elasticity, becoming increasingly saggy, resulting in facial pores can appear larger.
Sun exposure over time causes the outermost layer of skin to thicken, and sun exposure causes loss of collagen, elastin and water from the skin, causing the underlying layers of skin to shrink, leading to larger-looking pores. The American Academy of Dermatologists identifies sun exposure as a major factor in enlarging pores and estimates that 80 percent of all cases of enlarged pores are due to sun damage and overexposure to the sun.
Genes are the greatest determining factor in pore size. People with large pores on their faces often have family members with large pores. However, it is estimated that only approximately 20 percent of people with large pores, have the condition because of genetics.