Acne scars are formed when there is a delay in the treatment of inflammatory acne. Technically, acne scars are formed by deposits of collagen – (a fibrous type of protein designed to repair damaged skin cells) below the skin surface.
There are different types of acne scars – they come in various depths and sizes. They may be small and barely noticeable or very prominent. Prominent scars generally have a different texture from surrounding unaffected skin and can be in the form of pockmarks or depressions. The most serious scarring is caused by more severe forms of acne – inflammatory acne such as nodules and cysts – painful pus-filled lumps that appear under the skin. These types of acne often leave permanent scars.
The problem begins when sebum (oil) is trapped in the hair follicle below the skin surface. When this happens, the skin becomes irritated by the trapped (sebum) oil in the follicle. This results in the accumulation of more debris deep in the skin, further irritating the skin. As the body struggles to remove the debris, which by now is infected, a wound forms below the skin. When a scar forms below the surface, it causes a depression, making it difficult to improve.
Removing or repairing acne scars often involves invasive treatments. Treatment options will vary depending on the severity of the scarring. All acne scar removal or repair treatments must be performed by a medical doctor, may require anesthesia, and can require a lengthy recovery time.
- Acne Scar Types (healthyskinsolutions.com)
- Frequently Asked Questions About Acne Scars (healthyskinsolutions.com)
- Treating Severe Acne Scars (healthyskinsolutions.com)
- Acne Laser Treatment
- Photo Facial – For Clearer, Brighter, More Radiant Skin
- Treating Mild to Moderate Acne Scars
- Intense Pulsed Light Treatments – Are they for you?
- Intense Pulsed Light Therapy (IPL)