Combination skin happens when two or more different skin types occur on the face at the same time, showing signs of both dry and oily skin. As a result, combination skin can be a challenge to care for, since products designed for oily skin, leave the dry areas overly dried out, while the moisturizing benefits of products used for dry skin, can promote breakouts on the oily areas.
How can you tell if you have combination skin?
To find out if you have combination skin, simply wash the face well with water and dry with a soft cloth. The dry areas on the face, usually the cheeks and neck, will feel tight – these areas may be sensitive and show signs of peeling or flaking. The oily areas, usually around the nose, the forehead, and chin area, will appear shiny – the skin may appear thicker in these areas and could show signs of clogged pores, blackheads, or pimples. If you have both of these conditions, you have combination skin.
Generally, combination skin appears in the T-zone – the chin, nose and forehead where the oil glands are more active, leaving the remaining areas dry.
What causes combination skin?
A variety of factors contribute to combination skin, but sometimes, it just comes down to genetics. If it’s not a matter of genetics, then the causes and combinations can differ from one person to another.
Using the wrong cosmetic and skincare products can cause an imbalance, resulting in combination skin. Some products have harsh or irritating ingredients that will stimulate excessive oil production in one area, while dry the skin out in another. Other products may be clogging the pores in one area, while providing much needed moisture in another.
If you have combination skin, finding the right combination of products can be difficult.
What Products Work for Combination Skin?
If you have combination skin, the goal is to find products that balance the skin – that may mean using different products on different areas of the face. Many people with combination skin find success by using a variety of different skincare products and applying them carefully on specific facial areas. For instance, some people may apply an oil-reducing toner along the T-zone, while applying a moisture-boosting serum on dry cheeks and throat.
Some cosmetic and skin care companies offer product lines specifically for combination skin. These products are meant to remove excess dirt and oil to prevent breakouts in oily areas, while providing moisture to dry areas to prevent redness or flaking. The result is that people usually find that their combination skin becomes more balanced when they stop using products that are either wrong for their skin type, or that contain ingredients that are causing the problem.
Trial and error is often the only way to find a balancing regimen for combination skin. Consulting an Aesthetician can help shorten the ‘trial and error’ period. These are professionals trained to recognize and treat the condition and recommend the right products for your combination skin.
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