Healthy solutions for treating papules and pustules (commonly called pimples or ‘zits’) should begin as soon as possible to reduce the risk of scarring and void further infection. Of course, the first thing nearly everyone does when they see a blemish, is squeeze it. Papules and Pustules should never be squeezed. It will do no good, and may increase the risk of, or even cause, scarring. Papules are inflamed, red, tender bumps with no head. Treatment of Pustules is the same as that for whiteheads, blackheads and other kinds of acne lesions. Effective treatment usually is the result of a combination of approaches rather than a single method.
Over-the-Counter and Professional Treatments:
- Benzoyl Peroxide – one of the most common acne medications, effectively kills acne bacteria (P. acnes) and reduces oil production. Because this product does little to reduce inflammation, however, it is better suited for the treatment of mild acne. For moderate to severe acne cases, a combination of benzoyl peroxide and topical antibiotics produces better results.
- Antibiotics – Topical antibiotics such as erythromycin and clindamycin also control the growth of acne bacteria (P. acnes) while reducing inflammation of pustules. These medications should be used exactly as prescribed to avoid encouraging bacterial resistance. When used in conjunction with benzoyl peroxide, the effectiveness of topical antibiotics can be significantly enhanced. Oral antibiotics can also offer pustule control as they reduce the amount of bacteria on the skin as well as inflammation. These are usually prescribed in conjunction with topical medications.
- Retinoids – Topical retinoid, a derivative of Vitamin A, is often the treatment of choice for patients with moderate to moderately severe acne pustules. Not only do the prescribed forms of this medication clear pores, they prevent the formation of pustules and other acne lesions. Known for being harsh on the skin, retinoids are now available in gentler formulas that offer the same effective results. They do increase sensitivity to the sun, so take appropriate sun protection precautions when using topical retinoids.
- High Frequency – Professionally administered High Frequency safely and effectively clears pustules (pimples) three times faster than those left untreated. High Frequency kills bacteria on the surface of the skin and promotes healing from within. Your can do your own High Frequency treatments with devices designed for home use from suppliers like New Age Skincare
- Osmosis - This new patented treatment employs the latest science and technology to help heal acne, repair scarring, and restore skin health by enhancing the skin’s immune and repair functions from within.
- Chemical Peels- Professionally administered chemicals such as glycolic acid or salicylic acid, applied to the skin help remove dead skin cells, unclog pores, remove whiteheads and blackheads and can generate new skin growth. Chemical peels also are very effective at lessening the appearance of acne scars. There are three levels of chemical peels: Superficial, medium and deep peels. Those removing live layers (medium and deep peels) using products like Trichloracetic acid (TCA) and Phenol, must be performed by a medical doctor.
Chemical peeling is one of the oldest cosmetic procedures in the world – The ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans all performed chemical peels
- Microdermabrasion- Microdermabrasion is the mechanical exfoliation of the top layer of the skin. This type of treatment involves a hand-held device that blows crystals onto the skin. The crystals gently abrade, or polish the skin’s surface. A a vacuum tube removes the crystals and skin cells. The procedure exfoliates and unclogs pores. The results should be evident right away – the skin should look brighter and pinker.
While treating severe acne is a serious matter and should begin as soon as possible under the guidance of a professional, there are home remedies that are effective at helping reduce swelling and improving the skin over time, when applied consistently. See our article below to learn more.
- Home Remedies for Acne (healthyskinsolutions.com)
- Acne Laser Treatment: Is it Effective? (healthyskinsolutions.com)
- The Basics of Treating Back Acne (healthyskinsolutions.com)
- Frequently Asked Questions About Acne Scars (healthyskinsolutions.com)