Sun spots – also referred to as age spots, liver spots or dark spots – are flat brown, black or grey spots that typically show up on the back of the hands, neck, face, shoulders and arms – any area most often exposed to the sun.
While sun spots may not appear before age of 40 or so, (hence the other name, age spots) they can appear on younger people. Those with light colored, or fair skin and who have a history of frequent sunburn or exposure to the sun, will most commonly develop sun spots.
True sun spots are nothing to worry about and do not require treatment. However they may look like cancerous growths so it’s always recommended that you have them medically diagnosed so you can rule out a more serious condition.
Sun spots are evidence of sun damage and over exposure to UV rays over many years. The use of tanning beds and sun lamps can also result in the development of sun spots. Exposing the skin to UV light accelerates the production of melanin in our skin, creating a ‘tan’ that helps protect deeper layers of skin from future UV harm. However, as we age, skin’s natural ability to protect itself against UV rays begins to deteriorate – as a result, we see the formation of sun spots.
Spots can range in size from a small freckle-size to a spot that is half inch (1 centimeter) across. These spots can also group together, making them more prominent.
Treating Sun Spots
Sun spots take years to develop, so it’s no wonder that some treatments may take time to work. On the other hand, some treatments may provide immediate results but they require a lengthy recovery time:
#1 – Lightening Creams – Prescription grade lightening creams used alone or with retinoids and a steroid may slowly fade the spots over several months. This treatment leaves the skin very sensitive to sunlight. Sun protection with a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30+ is recommended if you use this treatment.
#2 – Laser Therapy – Laser therapy destroys melanin-producing cells without damaging the skin’s surface. Several sessions are usually required to achieve lasting results. . After treatment, spots will fade gradually and while laser therapy has few side effects, it may result in some discoloration of the skin in people with darker skin types.
#3 Chemical Peel – A chemical peel ‘burns’ the outer layer of the skin. As the skin peels off, new skin forms, slowly removing all evidence of spots. Several treatments may be necessary. Sun protection with SPF 30+ is highly recommended after chemical peeling.
#4 Freezing – Also called cryotherapy, this procedure works by applying liquid nitrogen or another freezing agent to the spots to destroy the extra pigment. As the area heals, the skin appears lighter. Freezing is typically used on a single spot or a small grouping of spots. The treatment can temporarily irritate the skin and, in rare instances, may result in permanent scarring or discoloration.
#5 Dermabrasion – The most aggressive of treatment, this procedure requires local anesthetic and consists of abrading or ‘sanding’ down the upper layers of the skin. After treatment, the skin is very red and irritated, and it will takes several months for the skin to re-grow and heal.
#6 Home Remedies – There are several home remedies that have been shown to fade sun spots. Like all treatments, these may take some time to produce results, but they are proven remedies, and they cost just pennies to do. Here are two:
- Lemon juice has a proven track record for fading the appearance of sun spots. Simply dab fresh lemon juice onto spots twice a day. Leave on for 30 minutes or more, if possible, and you will begin to notice improvements in about two months.
NOTE: Lemon juice increases the skin’s sensitivity to sunlight – so if you plan to go outdoors, wait for the juice to dry first and protect the skin from direct exposure to sun.
- Apple cider vinegar is an excellent home treatment for fading sun spots. Apply directly to the skin alone, or mix with the juice of an onion and apply to the skin. To get the onion juice, finely chop or blend and use a strainer or cheese cloth to squeeze and extract the juice. Mix equal parts of vinegar and onion juice and dab on spots with a cotton pad. Leave mixture on the skin for at least 30 minutes. Repeat once a day for approximately 6 weeks for gradual improvement.
Finally, the best remedy for sun spots is prevention! Always use broad spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF15 if you plan to be outdoors for extended periods of time. For more information on sunscreen, including new FDA guidelines for 2012, read our related articles below.
- Remove Dark Spots Naturally (healthyskinsolutions.com)
- Fraxel Laser Resurfacing (healthyskinsolutions.com)
- Sunscreen: New Guidelines this Summer (healthyskinsolutions.com)
- Seeing Spots? What are Dark Spots on the Skin? (healthyskinsolutions.com)
- Photo Facial – For Clearer, Brighter, More Radiant Skin (healthyskinsolutions.com)